A biography of louis jolliet a french canadian explorer

Sculpted in by French sculptor Paul Chevre, a survival from Titanic wreck, this bronze statue is one of most pictured by tourists in Quebec City. On the return trip to St. The most famous exploit in the career of this multifaceted man was the exploration of the Mississippi River in From personal observations and from the friendly Quapaw Indians, they concluded that the Mississippi flowed south into the Gulf of Mexico—not, as they had hoped, into the Pacific Ocean.

Exploration of the Mississippi In May Jolliet, Marquette, and five others set out on their great adventure. The following year he returned to New France to work in the fur trade. Much more was spent on constructing European-style fortifications than on strengthening alliances with Aboriginal peoples.

On May 17,Jolliet and Marquette departed from St. A Michigan Historical Marker at this location reads: Protected by their language, religion and institutions, concentrated in a limited geographic area, difficult to penetrate, they developed a way of life, social customs and attitudes of their own.

Louis Jolliet

In he was commissioned by the governor of New France to explore the Mississippi, and he was joined by Marquette. Furthermore the early 18th century brought a major economic crisis in the colony.

Share Why is this important? Jolliet attended a Jesuit school in Quebec and received minor orders inbut abandoned his plans to become a priest in See Article History Alternative Title: On May 17,the party set out in two birchbark canoes from Michilimackinac St.

The Royal Indies Company held a monopoly over the slave trade in the area. Its main export item, fur, was hit by a European sales slump, declining quality and less attractive returns.

Jolliet's last important expedition was undertaken inwhen he charted the coast of Labrador far to the north but returned disappointed with the meager prospects for trade in the area.

He spent the winter at Stadacona, where 25 of his men died of scurvy, and returned to France in Founding and Context France became interested in the North America later than the other Western Christian powers — England, Spain and Portugal — and after the trips made by Christopher Columbus inJohn Cabot in and the Corte-Real brothers see also Portuguese in and A bout of dysentery which he had contracted during the Mississippi expedition sapped his health.

A governor generalassisted by a single intendantwas charged with ruling this vast region. While Hernando de Soto was the first European to make official note of the Mississippi River by discovering its southern entrance inJolliet and Marquette were the first to locate its upper reaches, and travel most of its length, about years later.

See Article History Alternative Title: National Archives of France, photo Holzapfel. Jolliet apparently lost his desire for the life of a religious and withdrew from the seminary in The slaves were given simple straw pallets as beds. People from the St Lawrence Valley lived on the shoreline of Labrador as fishermen.Jolliet, Louis (–) French-Canadian explorer.

With Jacques Marquette, he opened the Great Lakes region and travelled down the Mississippi to the mouth of the Arkansas River (). Louis Jolliet: Louis Jolliet, French Canadian explorer and cartographer who, with Father Jacques Marquette, was the first white man to traverse the Mississippi River from its confluence with the Wisconsin to the mouth of the Arkansas River in Arkansas.

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Louisiana (New France)

Jacques Marquette: Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary explorer who, with Louis Jolliet, travelled down the Mississippi River and reported the first accurate data on its course.

Marquette arrived in Quebec in After a study of Indian languages, he assisted in founding a mission at Sault Ste. Marie (now. Alors que peu de documents attestent de leur présence, des fouilles archéologiques font remonter la présence des peuples autochtones sur le territoire du Canada à plus de 26 ans dans le nord du Yukon et à 9 ans dans le sud de l'Ontario.

JOLLIET, LOUIS, explorer, discoverer of the Mississippi Beyond all doubt, the Canadian Louis Jolliet is one of the most genuine and most impressive examples of the heroes produced by New France.

André Vachon. Acte de baptême de LOUIS,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval,

A biography of louis jolliet a french canadian explorer
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